(CC) How to Pronounce telmisartan/ HCTZ (Micardis HCT) Backbuilding Pharmacology
What Is Micardis HCT?
Micardis HCT is the brand name of a prescription medicine that contains the drugs telmisartan and hydrochlorothiazide. It's used to treat high blood pressure.
Lowering your blood pressure can reduce your risk of having a heart attack, a stroke, or another cardiovascular complication.
Micardis HCT is sometimes also used to treat heart failure.
Telmisartan is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist that works by relaxing the blood vessels.
Hydrochlorothiazide is a thiazide diuretic that prevents your body from absorbing too much salt.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Micardis HCT in 2000. It's marketed by Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Micardis HCT Warnings
Before taking Micardis HCT, tell your doctor if you have, or have ever had, any of the following conditions:
Also, let your doctor know if you're dehydrated, are on a low-salt diet, or have severe or persistent diarrhea before taking and while using Micardis HCT.
This medicine may cause drowsiness, dizziness, fainting, or lightheadedness. Hot weather, exercise, and alcohol consumption can worsen these effects.
To prevent dizziness, try to sit or stand up slowly, especially in the morning when getting out of bed.
Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of Micardis HCT.
This medicine may cause you to become sunburned more easily. Avoid exposure to the sun and sunlamps until you know how Micardis HCT affects you. Wear sunscreen and protective clothing while outdoors.
In rare cases, Micardis HCT may cause certain eye problems that could lead to permanent vision loss if untreated. Tell your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms:
- Eye pain
- Blurry vision
- Vision changes
Your doctor may recommend that you follow a specific diet and exercise program while taking this medicine. You may also be told to drink extra fluids. Follow your doctor's instructions carefully.
Don't use a salt substitute, or any product that has potassium in it, while taking Micardis HCT without first talking to your doctor.
Tell your healthcare provider you're taking this medicine before having any type of test or surgery, including a dental procedure.
Let your doctor know if you've recently had a type of nerve surgery called sympathectomy.
If you have diabetes, you should know that Micardis HCT may affect your blood sugar levels. Monitor your condition carefully while using this medicine.
Before starting on this drug, tell your doctor if you're also taking a medication that contains aliskiren (such as Amturnide, Tekturna, or Tekamlo).
In rare cases, this medicine can cause a condition that leads to kidney failure. Tell your doctor right away if you experience the following symptoms while taking Micardis HCT:
- Muscle pain, tenderness, or weakness (especially if you also have fever, nausea, and dark-colored urine)
Keep all appointments with your doctor and laboratory while taking this medicine. Your doctor provider will probably want to perform frequent tests to check your body's response to this drug.
Pregnancy and Micardis HCT
Micardis HCT contains a black box warning because it may cause birth defects or death in a fetus if taken during pregnancy.
Use an effective method of birth control to prevent pregnancy while you're taking Micardis HCT.
Call your doctor right away if you think you might be pregnant during your treatment.
Micardis HCT passes into breast milk. Don't breastfeed a baby while using this drug.
Micardis HCT Side Effects
Common Side Effects of Micardis HCT
Tell your doctor if any of the following side effects become severe or don't go away:
- Mild dizziness
- Mild diarrhea
Serious Side Effects of Micardis HCT
Tell your doctor right away if you experience any of the symptoms listed in the Micardis HCT Warnings section above, or any of the following serious side effects:
- Signs of a severe allergic reaction (may include rash, hives, itching, hoarseness, difficulty breathing, tightness in the chest, or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue)
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Fast or irregular heartbeat
- Decrease in sexual ability
- Difficult or painful urination
- Urinating less than usual or not at all
- Severe drowsiness
- Severe sluggishness
- Severe or persistent dizziness
- Slurred speech
- Excessive or increased sweating
- Unusual thirst
- Muscle cramps
- Unusual weakness
- Red, swollen, peeling, or blistered skin
- Severe or persistent dry mouth, nausea, or stomach pain
- Swelling of the arms or legs
- Unusual bruising or bleeding
- Yellowing of the skin or eyes
- Dark-colored urine
Micardis HCT Interactions
Tell your doctor about all prescription, non-prescription, illegal, recreational, herbal, nutritional, or dietary drugs you're taking, especially those listed in the Micardis HCT Warnings section above, and any of the following:
Micardis HCT and Other Interactions
Micardis HCT may cause drowsiness, dizziness, lightheadedness, and fainting.
Use caution when driving, operating machinery, or performing other tasks that require alertness.
Micardis HCT and Alcohol
Alcohol can worsen certain side effects of Micardis HCT. Don't drink alcohol while using this medicine without first discussing the risks with your doctor.
Micardis HCT Dosage
Micardis HCT comes as a tablet to take by mouth. It can be taken with or without food.
Your dose will depend on your medical condition and other factors.
Don't remove the medicine from its packaging until you're ready to take it.
Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully. Don't take more or less Micardis HCT than your doctor recommends.
You may want to avoid taking Micardis HCT within four hours of bedtime so that you don't have to get up to urinate frequently.
It may take up to four weeks before you experience the full benefits of Micardis HCT.
Keep taking this drug even if you feel well. Don't stop using it without first talking to your doctor.
Micardis HCT Overdose
Symptoms of a Micardis HCT overdose may include:
- Slow, fast, or irregular heartbeat
- Severe dizziness
- Mental or mood changes
- Muscle pain, weakness, or cramping
- Extreme sluggishness, tiredness, or drowsiness
- Dry eyes
- Unusual thirst
If you suspect an overdose, contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately.
You can get in touch with a poison control center at 800-222-1222.
Missed Dose of Micardis HCT
If you miss a dose of Micardis HCT, take it as soon as you remember.
But if it's almost time for your next scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular medication schedule.
Don't double up on doses to make up for a missed one.
Video: How to pronounce telmisartan / HCTZ (Micardis HCT) (Memorizing Pharmacology Flashcard)
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